How to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that can be prevented or delayed through a healthy lifestyle. The most important risk factors for type 2 diabetes are:
The prevention of diabetes should strive to reduce body weight (we already benefit from a moderate reduction of 5 to 7% of current body weight). It is similar to physical effort. Moderate to regular activity (5 times a week) has been shown to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
It is also important to perform diabetes screening (measurement in the laboratory for fasting sugar or 2 hours after loading 75 g glucose) in people who are at increased risk. The examination should be carried out once every 3 years for every person over 45 years of age. In addition, regardless of age, this test should be performed every year on the following people:
overweight or obese
with diabetes in the family (parents or siblings),
not physically active,
people who have previously been diagnosed with pre-diabetes, i.e. fasting glucose from 100 to 125 mg% (5.6–6.9 mmol / l) or an abnormal 75 g glucose load test result: glucose from 140 to 199 mg% (7,8-11,1mmol / l,
women with a history of gestational diabetes
women who gave birth to a child with a body weight> 4 kg,
people with hypertension,
people who have had a heart attack or stroke.
It is also worth remembering that the typical symptoms of this disease, such as:
passing large amounts of urine, including at night,
weakness and increased drowsiness
they may not appear, especially when the glucose level is not too high.